|a英文題名:Study of the college general nutrition course on the recognition of 2011 Dietary Guideline
|a2011年台灣更新每日飲食指南 (Dietary guidelines, DG) ，此新版DG 旨在提供國人正確的飲食原則，而如何在大學內推廣新版DG為提升大學生健康知識之重要課題。本研究目的為探討學校營養相關通識課程對大專生新版DG認知度與遵從度之推廣成效。研究方法以問卷為調查工具，內容分為知識 (每日建議攝取量和新版DG之相關內容) 、態度 (新版每日飲食指南、學校營養相關課程和食物選擇) 及飲食行為 (六大類食物遵從度和飲食習慣) 等三部份。共調查373名學生，其中有309位學生為非營養相關通識組，有64位學生為營養相關通識組。結果顯示，營養相關通識組在每日建議攝取量的知識顯著高於非營養相關通識組 (p<0.01) ；在營養相關通識組中，其每日建議攝取量知識與六大類食物遵從度呈顯著正相關 (r=0.273，p<0.05) ，且新版DG相關內容知識與負向飲食習慣呈顯著負相關 (r=-0.281，p<0.05) 。因在營養相關通識組中，並非所有學生皆學習過新版DG，故細分為非DG組 (n=35) 和DG組 (n=29) ;DG組在知識總分、學校營養相關課程態度皆顯著高於非DG組 (p<0.01) ，且DG組在負向飲食習慣分數顯著低於非DG組 (p<0.01) 。結果證實藉由學校營養相關通識課程中增加新版DG知識，有助於提高六大類食物遵從度及改善不良飲食習慣，故未來可將學校營養相關通識課程視為推廣校園新版DG之重要管道之一。|uTaiwan’s Dietary Guidelines (DG) had been revised in 2011, providing people more aquedate dietary principles. How to promote DG in college become an important issue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using college general nutrition course promoting DG on students’ recognition and eating pattern. The method of this study was implemented by self-designed questionnaire, which included “Knowledge” (daily recommended intake and other contents about DG ) 、“Attitude” (DG、college general nutrition course and food select);and “Dietary Behaviors” (the compliance of six-categories of foods and eating habits). There were 373 participants in this study, including 309 non-nutrition-course students and 64 nutrition-course students. The results of study indicated that nutrition-course students’ recognition on daily recommendation were significantly better than non-nutrition-course ones (p<0.01). For nutrition-course students, their knowledge of daily recommendation and the compliance of six-categorie of foods were significant positively correlated (r=0.273，p<0.05) , and, their knowledge of contents about DG and negative eating habit were significantly negative correlated (r=-0.281，p<0.05) . Not all of the nutrition-course students had learned DG, nutrition-course students were classified into the non-DG group (n=35) and the DG group (n=29). For DG group, both knowledge score and attitude toward college general nutrition course were significantly higher than non-DG group ones (p<0.01), and the score of negative eating habit was significantly lower than non-DG group ones (p<0.01). These results demonstrated that promoting students’ recognition toward DG with college general nutrition course would improve the compliance toward DG and making better eating behaviors. Therefore, college general nutrition course could be one of an important pathway to promote DG for college students.
|aStudy of the college general nutrition course on the recognition of 2011 Dietary Guideline