|aMeasuring the marginal social cost of transport /|cedited by Christopher Nash, Bryan Matthews.
|aAmsterdam :|bElsevier JAI,|c2005.
|axiii, 335 p. :|bill. ;|c24 cm.
|aResearch in transportation economics,|vv. 14|x0739-8859 ;
|aIncludes bibliographical references and indexes.
|aTransport pricing policy and the research agenda / Chris Nash and Bryan Matthews -- Alternative pricing doctrines / Emile Quinet -- Infrastructure / Heike Link and Jan-Eric Nilsson -- Operating costs / Ofelia Betancor, Miguel Carmona, Rosario Macario and Chris Nash -- User costs and benefits /|rClaus Doll and Jan Owen Jansson -- Accidents / Gunnar Lindberg -- Environmental costs / Peter Bickel, Stephan Schmid and Rainer Friedrich -- The impacts of marginal social cost pricing / Inge Mayeres, Stef Proost and Kurt Van Dender -- The social costs of intermodal freight transport / Andrea Ricci and Ian Black -- Measuring marginal social cost : methods, transferability / Marten van den Bossche, Corina Certan, Simme Veldman, Chris Nash and Bryan Matthews -- Policy conclusions / Chris Nash and Bryan Matthews.
Many transport economists have for some time proposed marginal social cost as the principle on which prices in the transport sector should be based and, in recent years, their prescription has come to be taken more and more seriously by policy-makers. However, in order to properly test the possible implications of implementing pricing based on marginal social cost and, ultimately, to introduce such a system, it is necessary to actually measure the marginal social costs concerned, and how they vary according to mode, time and context. This book reviews the transport pricing policy debate and reports on the significant advances made in measuring the marginal social costs of transport, particularly through UNITE and other European research projects. We look in turn at infrastructure, operating costs, user costs (both of congestion and of charges in frequency of scheduled transport services) accidents and environmental costs, and how these estimates have been used to examine the impact of marginal cost pricing in transport. We finish by examining how the results of case studies might be generalised to obtain estimates of marginal social costs for all circumstances and, finally, presenting our conclusions.